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Working Paper:

Access to Information in Developing Countries

A Study Prepared for
Transparency International
by Robert Martin and Estelle Feldman

Published with assistance of the Ford Foundation

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Table of Contents

Introductory Notes

  1. What Is Access to Information?
  2. Why Is Access to Information Important?
  3. Elements of Access to Information
    1. The Johannesburg Principles

    2. General Principles on Access to Information

  4. Preconditions for Free Access to Information
    1. Political Stability

    2. Autonomy of the Legal System

    3. Infrastructure

    4. Library Services

    5. Quality of Data

  5. Why Is Access Important in Developing Countries?
    1. What Is A Developing Country?

    2. Poverty and Access to Information

    3. Why Is Access to Information Important for Growth and Development?

    4. Development Aid and the Right to Know
      1. The Status of the Recipients

      2. Donor Governments and Organisations

      3. Access to Information and Development Programmes

  6. Universality of Human Rights
    1. The Developed Countries:
        The European Convention on Human Rights

    2. Developed and Developing Countries:
        The American Convention on Human Rights

    3. Developing Countries:
        The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights

  7. National Legislation on Access to Information
    1. South Africa

    2. Namibia

    3. Mozambique
      1. Political and Legal Background

      2. Constitutional Guarantee to Right of Information

      3. Access to Information in Mozambique

    4. Malaysia
    5. Commonwealth Caribbean

  8. A Case Study: India and Access to Information
    1. Political Background

    2. Constitutional Background to Access to Information

    3. Supreme Court Judgments Relating to Access to Information

    4. Regulating the Press and Other Media

    5. Access to Information Legislation
      1. Freedom of Information Bill, 1998

      2. Additional Amendments, Classification and Training

    6. Conclusion

  9. Conclusions and Recommendations

Questionnaire and Cover Letter

Copyright © 1998 Robert Martin and Estelle Feldman
and Transparency International

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